Expungement Is Not For Everyone under N.J.S.A. 2c:52-1

expungement is not for everyone, expungement, New Jersey, Atlantic County, Bergen County, Burlington County, Camden County, Cape May County, Cumberland County, Essex County, Gloucester County, Hudson County, Hunterdon County, Mercer County, Middlesex County, Monmouth County, Morris County, Ocean County, Passaic County, Salem County, Somerset County, Sussex County, Union County, Warren County, criminal defense, traffic ticket, juvenile, drunk driving, attorney, lawyerRecently I blogged about the meaning of expungement under N.J.S.A. 2c:52-1. And I already know—everyone wants an expungement. Contrary to what you might have heard, however, freedom is not just another word for nothin’ left to lose. And if feelin’ good is good enough for you, then you really need to pay attention to this: under New Jersey law, expungement is not for everyone.

Until you figure out that freedom is responsibility, society will not accept you. Additionally, if you do not care, then do not whine about wanting an expungement. But if you do care, then there might be hope for you because this is not my lone opinion. Furthermore, when you accept responsibility for your past as well as your future, then society might accept you. Read more


What is Expungement under N.J.S.A. 2c:52-1?

what is expungement, expungement, New Jersey, Atlantic County, Bergen County, Burlington County, Camden County, Cape May County, Cumberland County, Essex County, Gloucester County, Hudson County, Hunterdon County, Mercer County, Middlesex County, Monmouth County, Morris County, Ocean County, Passaic County, Salem County, Somerset County, Sussex County, Union County, Warren County, criminal defense, traffic ticket, juvenile, drunk driving, attorney, lawyerRecently Governor Christie announced his intention to reform New Jersey’s expungement statute. Indeed, the timing of this announcement seems striking. During an extended hiatus from the Garden State—which included a failed campaign for the U.S. Presidency, and a failed bid for a Trump administration job—the litigation involving Christie’s Bridgegate scandal ended with convictions for Bridget Kelly and William E. Baroni Jr. Interestingly, just a few weeks before their sentencing, Governor Christie announced he wants to reform the expungement laws to give former prison inmates a better opportunity at finding a job. Talk about things that make ya go hmmmm… Read more


New Jersey’s Implied Consent Statute, N.J.S.A. 39:4-50.2

New Jersey's Implied Consent Statute, N.J.S.A. 39-4-50.2, New Jersey, Driving While Intoxicated, DWI, Driving Under the Influence, DUI, drunk driving, Refusal to Submit to Breath Test, Atlantic County, Bergen County, Burlington County, Camden County, Cape May County, Cumberland County, Essex County, Gloucester County, Hudson County, Hunterdon County, Mercer County, Middlesex County, Monmouth County, Morris County, Ocean County, Passaic County, Salem County, Somerset County, Sussex County, Union County, Warren County, criminal defense, traffic ticket, juvenile, attorney, lawyerPreviously I blogged about Refusal to Submit to Breath Test with respect to New Jersey’s drunk driving statute. Today I stumbled upon an infographic, however, purporting to explain individual rights. Indeed, this document included decorative colors, impressive photography, and concise language. Of course, this begs the question: why do these features persuade a person to want to believe what the document says? Nevertheless, some of the points appeared to be legally correct. But with respect to whether one must submit to a breath test, this infographic declared—in all caps, no less—you have the right to refuse. Though possibly true where the creator of this infographic lives, this directly contradicts New Jersey’s Implied Consent statute.1 Read more


Standardized Field Sobriety Tests

standardized field sobriety tests, New Jersey, Driving While Intoxicated, DWI, Driving Under the Influence, DUI, drunk driving, Atlantic County, Bergen County, Burlington County, Camden County, Cape May County, Cumberland County, Essex County, Gloucester County, Hudson County, Hunterdon County, Mercer County, Middlesex County, Monmouth County, Morris County, Ocean County, Passaic County, Salem County, Somerset County, Sussex County, Union County, Warren County, criminal defense, traffic ticket, juvenile, attorney, lawyerNew Jersey’s drunk driving statute imposes penalties on a person who operates a motor vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor, narcotic, hallucinogenic or habit-producing drug…1 Previously I blogged about the definition of operation and cases to illustrate the meaning of operation under this statute. Additionally, I blogged about the definition of motor vehicle, and the meaning of under the influence by the DUI statute. Of course, every defendant has to right to insist the State prove these elements beyond a reasonable doubt. Thus, with respect to being under the influence, the State shoulders the burden of proving a substantial deterioration or diminution of the mental faculties or physical capabilities of the defendant. Consequently, the State will include the Standardized Field Sobriety Test results among the evidence for its case in chief unless an exclusionary rule applies. Read more

Who decides whether to plead guilty or go to trial?

Who decides whether to plead guilty or go to trial?, Sixth Amendment, trial by jury, cross-examination, confrontation, waiver, New Jersey, NJ, Atlantic County, Bergen County, Burlington County, Camden County, Cape May County, Cumberland County, Essex County, Gloucester County, Hudson County, Hunterdon County, Mercer County, Middlesex County, Monmouth County, Morris County, Ocean County, Passaic County, Salem County, Somerset County, Sussex County, Union County, Warren County, criminal defense, traffic ticket, juvenile, attorney, lawyerThe nerve! A man accused of a four-month crime spree that included two killings and several armed robberies turned down the State’s final plea offer this week. The crime spree allegedly began July 2014 and lasted until October. Additionally, the evidence against him will allegedly include DNA found on the defendant’s sweatshirt at the scene, text messages between the defendant and his girlfriend, and the testimony of several witnesses.

Therefore, the State had offered a 60-year prison sentence. Since the defendant rejected this offer, however, he will go to trial in June and possibly get a life sentence. But really, what is the difference between the State’s offer and the possibility of life imprisonment? Read more


Under The Influence and New Jersey’s DWI Statute

under the influence, New Jersey Motor Vehicle Code, New Jersey, Driving While Intoxicated, DWI, Driving Under the Influence, DUI, drunk driving, Atlantic County, Bergen County, Burlington County, Camden County, Cape May County, Cumberland County, Essex County, Gloucester County, Hudson County, Hunterdon County, Mercer County, Middlesex County, Monmouth County, Morris County, Ocean County, Passaic County, Salem County, Somerset County, Sussex County, Union County, Warren County, criminal defense, traffic ticket, juvenile, attorney, lawyerNew Jersey’s Driving While Intoxicated statute imposes penalties on a person who a while under the influence of intoxicating liquor, narcotic, hallucinogenic or habit-producing drug…1 Previously I blogged about the the meaning of the elements and . Many examples fall within the definition of motor vehicle. Additionally, many circumstances fall within the broad definition of operation. Similar to operation, the New Jersey legislature did not define under the influence of intoxicating liquor, narcotic, hallucinogenic, or habit-producing drug in the Motor Code. Instead, the judiciary has developed the definition through case law. This post will take up the meaning of these elements. Read more


Motor Vehicle Operation by New Jersey’s DWI Statute

Motor Vehicle Operation, New Jersey Motor Vehicle Code, New Jersey, Driving While Intoxicated, DWI, Driving Under the Influence, DUI, drunk driving, Atlantic County, Bergen County, Burlington County, Camden County, Cape May County, Cumberland County, Essex County, Gloucester County, Hudson County, Hunterdon County, Mercer County, Middlesex County, Monmouth County, Morris County, Ocean County, Passaic County, Salem County, Somerset County, Sussex County, Union County, Warren County, criminal defense, traffic ticket, juvenile, attorney, lawyerPreviously I blogged about motor vehicle under the New Jersey drunk driving statute. Understandably, people generally assume drunk driving requires proof that the defendant drove. Despite its title, however, the does not prohibit driving. Instead, it prohibits motor vehicle , which is significantly broader than driving. Indeed, the broad interpretation and application of by New Jersey courts complements the State’s legislative policy prohibiting this conduct by intoxicated people.1 But it also yields results that must seem absurd, or at the very least unreasonable, to the ordinary person. While any defense should analyze the issue of , a person facing charges in New Jersey for will almost certainly need a defense that negates or undercuts other aspects of the State’s case, too. A review of the cases illustrates why this is so. Read more

Operation: What is the definition of “Operate” by the New Jersey DWI Statute?

Introduction

Operation by the New Jersey DWI Statute, New Jersey Motor Vehicle Code, New Jersey, Atlantic County, Bergen County, Burlington County, Camden County, Cape May County, Cumberland County, Essex County, Gloucester County, Hudson County, Hunterdon County, Mercer County, Middlesex County, Monmouth County, Morris County, Ocean County, Passaic County, Salem County, Somerset County, Sussex County, Union County, Warren County, criminal defense, drunk driving, traffic ticket, juvenile, attorney, lawyerThis post will refer to New Jersey’s drunk driving law as driving under the influence (DUI), driving while intoxicated (DWI), and—without intending to be redundant—drunk driving. But forget the word “driving” because the statute defining the offense does not use that word. And forget about placing the motor vehicle in “drive” as a prerequisite for this offense. Instead, the statute sets forth penalties for a person who operates a motor vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor, narcotic, hallucinogenic or habit-producing drug, or operates a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.08% or more by weight of alcohol in the defendant’s blood. Read more


Forgery and Related Offenses, N.J.S.A. 2c:21-1

Forgery and Related Offenses, N.J.S.A. 2c-21-1, New Jersey, Atlantic County, Bergen County, Burlington County, Camden County, Cape May County, Cumberland County, Essex County, Gloucester County, Hudson County, Hunterdon County, Mercer County, Middlesex County, Monmouth County, Morris County, Ocean County, Passaic County, Salem County, Somerset County, Sussex County, Union County, Warren County, criminal defense, drunk driving, traffic ticket, juvenile, attorney, lawyerA 23-year old man allegedly posed as a Rowan University business student to steal from others. But the glass-is-half-full crowd might say this man has a promising future in business. After all, white collar criminals ordinarily get their start in business. Nevertheless, those aspirations will have to rest in the ethereal future for this man now that two females reported the unauthorized use of check and credit card information to police. The suspect allegedly took the financial information while burglarizing the females’ apartment, per nj dot com. Additionally, he somehow he knew the women went away. Therefore, according to the police, he allegedly entered and spent some days there. Read more


What is a Motor Vehicle under New Jersey’s Drunk Driving Law?

In New Jersey, if you aren’t operating a motor vehicle, you aren’t driving drunk!

Motor Vehicle, New Jersey Motor Vehicle Code, New Jersey, Atlantic County, Bergen County, Burlington County, Camden County, Cape May County, Cumberland County, Essex County, Gloucester County, Hudson County, Hunterdon County, Mercer County, Middlesex County, Monmouth County, Morris County, Ocean County, Passaic County, Salem County, Somerset County, Sussex County, Union County, Warren County, criminal defense, drunk driving, traffic ticket, juvenile, attorney, lawyerHope springs eternal. And this hopeful thought probably crosses the mind around 2 a.m. when one needs to get home from the bar. Nevertheless, as this post will demonstrate it is not entirely accurate. Indeed, New Jersey’s imposes penalties on a who operates a motor vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor, narcotic, hallucinogenic or habit-producing drug, or operates a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08% or more by weight of alcohol in the the ‘s blood.1 Read more