New Jersey State Police recently charged three people for an alleged kidnapping and robbery, per social media. And it all began last December in Cumberland County. One evening a few days before Christmas, the purported victim left his home with a friend. During the departure, two masked men allegedly appeared. Brandishing handguns, the anonymous assailants accosted the victim and the friend. But they directed the friend to leave. And she complied. Nothing in the news release, however, indicates the friend reported any of this to police. Next, the men allegedly commanded the victim to hand over the cash in his possession. And he complied. Additionally, the aggressors allegedly forced the man to return into his home. And he complied. But the victim had no additional money to give the men. Thus, they allegedly forced him to drive at gunpoint to an ATM machine. And he complied.
Indeed, one assailant accompanied the victim to withdraw the additional funds. And he complied. But the victim freed himself. Once liberated, he called 9-1-1. Subsequently, the authorities recovered the victim’s vehicle in a nearby city. After all, the bandits fled in it.
Consequently, the cops investigated. And as a result, they charged two individuals with kidnapping and robbery. Additionally, they charged them with burglary, theft, and conspiracy. Furthermore, they charged the pair with possession of weapon for unlawful purpose and unlawful possession of a weapon. Moreover, the cops charged the erstwhile friend with robbery and conspiracy. The investigation involved State Police and the United States Marshals Task Force, per the news release. Despite the foregoing, the law recognizes the charges as mere accusations. Additionally, the presumption of innocence applies at all times to the accused until proven guilty.
Kidnapping, N.J.S.A. 2c:13-1
a. Holding for ransom, reward, or as a hostage.
A person is guilty of kidnapping if he unlawfully removes another from the place where he is found or if he unlawfully confines another with the purpose of holding that person for ransom or reward or as a shield or hostage.
b. Holding for other purposes.
A person is guilty of kidnapping if he unlawfully removes another from his place of residence or business, or a substantial distance from the vicinity where he is found, or if he unlawfully confines another for a substantial period, with any of the following purposes:
- Facilitating the commission of any crime or flight thereafter;
- Inflicting bodily injury on or terrorizing the victim or another;
- Interfering with the performance of any governmental or political function; or
- Permanently depriving a parent, guardian, or other lawful custodian of custody of the victim.
c. Grading of kidnapping.
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, kidnapping is a crime of the first degree and upon conviction thereof, a person may, notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1) of subsection a. of N.J.S.2C:43-6, be sentenced to an ordinary term of imprisonment between 15 and 30 years. If the actor releases the victim unharmed and in a safe place prior to apprehension, it is a crime of the second degree.
(2) Kidnapping is a crime of the first degree and upon conviction thereof, an actor shall be sentenced to a term of imprisonment by the court, if the victim of the kidnapping is less than 16 years of age and if during the kidnapping:
- A crime under N.J.S.2C:14-2 or subsection a. of N.J.S.2C:14-3 is committed against the victim;
- A crime under subsection b. of N.J.S.2C:24-4 is committed against the victim; or
- The actor sells or delivers the victim to another person for pecuniary gain other than in circumstances which lead to the return of the victim to a parent, guardian or other person responsible for the general supervision of the victim.
Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1) of subsection a. of N.J.S.2C:43-6, the term of imprisonment imposed under this paragraph shall be either a term of 25 years during which the actor shall not be eligible for parole, or a specific term between 25 years and life imprisonment, of which the actor shall serve 25 years before being eligible for parole; provided, however, that the crime of kidnapping under this paragraph and underlying aggravating crimes listed in subparagraph (a), (b), or (c) of this paragraph shall merge for purposes of sentencing. If the actor is convicted of the criminal homicide of a victim of a kidnapping under the provisions of chapter 11, any sentence imposed under provisions of this paragraph shall be served consecutively to any sentence imposed pursuant to the provisions of chapter 11.
d. “Unlawful” removal or confinement.
A removal or confinement is unlawful within the meaning of this section and of sections 2C:13-2 and 2C:13-3, if it is accomplished by force, threat, or deception, or, in the case of a person who is under the age of 14 or is incompetent, if it is accomplished without the consent of a parent, guardian, or other person responsible for general supervision of his welfare.
e. Affirmative defense.
It is an affirmative defense to a prosecution under paragraph (4) of subsection b. of this section, which must be proved by clear and convincing evidence, that:
- The actor reasonably believed that the action was necessary to preserve the victim from imminent danger to his welfare. However, no defense shall be available pursuant to this subsection if the actor does not, as soon as reasonably practicable but in no event more than 24 hours after taking a victim under his protection, give notice of the victim’s location to the police department of the municipality where the victim resided, the office of the county prosecutor in the county where the victim resided, or the Division of Child Protection and Permanency in the Department of Children and Families;
- The actor reasonably believed that the taking or detaining of the victim was consented to by a parent, or by an authorized State agency; or
- The victim, being at the time of the taking or concealment not less than 14 years old, was taken away at his own volition by his parent and without purpose to commit a criminal offense with or against the victim.
f. Affirmative defense.
It is an affirmative defense to a prosecution under paragraph (4) of subsection b. of this section that a parent having the right of custody reasonably believed he was fleeing from imminent physical danger from the other parent, provided that the parent having custody, as soon as reasonably practicable:
- Gives notice of the victim’s location to the police department of the municipality where the victim resided, the office of the county prosecutor in the county where the victim resided, or the Division of Child Protection and Permanency in the Department of Children and Families; or
- Commences an action affecting custody in an appropriate court.
As used in subsections e. and f. of this section, “parent” means a parent, guardian or other lawful custodian of a victim.
Did the cops charge you with Kidnapping pursuant to N.J.S.A. 2c:13-1?
New Jersey Criminal Lawyer Michael A. Smolensky, Esquire, knows how to protect his clients. Mr. Smolensky can provide confidential consultations in all cases involving Kidnapping.